Screen-shot of the file treeFig. 1. The file tree

In TYPO3 pages are actually entries in a database rather than individual HTML files. However, TYPO3 does use files for some purposes, most commonly for storing images that are to be included in pages.

In order to manage files in TYPO3 you need to use the Filelist module.


The page tree will now be replaced by the file tree (see Fig. 1). Clicking the folder icon () produces a menu offering various folder management options (Rename, New etc.). Clicking the name of the folder produces a list of the files it contains - like that below.

Fig. 2. List of files in a folder

As always, clicking the icon next to a file produces a menu. In this case it has options to copy, move and delete files and so on. Clicking the name of the file opens it or activates it in some way.

Often you will want to upload files, especially images, from your PC. To begin this, click the upload icon () which will produce the form shown in Fig. 3.

Fig. 3. File upload form.

Using this screen  you can:

  1. Select how many files you wish to upload;
  2. Decide whether you wish to overwrite existing files (if you decide not to overwrite then any new versions will be re-named);
  3. Click "Browse ..." to open a window on your PC that will allow you to select a file;
  4. Click "Upload files" to start the file transfer.

Organising your files

Image of TYPO3 search boxFig. 4. The TYPO3 search box

As always, if you have a lot of files it is best to structure them using filers, sub-folders etc. To create a sub-folder click on the parent folder in the file tree (see Fig. 1) and select New. For example, to create another sub-folder of research you would start by clicking on research.

Unfortunately it is all too easy for a file to become orphaned - to be present but no longer linked from anywhere in the web site. The right-most column in the file list (Fig. 2) is of some help here. This shows the number of links to the file that TYPO3 knows about. If this number is more than 1 then the file is definitely not orphaned. Unfortunately the converse is not true - a zero reference count does not always mean the file is orphaned. As a check, type the file's name into the TYPO3 search box at the top right of the screen (see Fig. 4). If this doesn't find it you can be pretty certain that the file is not linked to from within this website, (though it may be linked to from an external website).

Linking to files

Inserting links to files works the same way as linking to pages etc. See the section on linking.